be to Allah the Lord of t he Worlds, the One Who exists without
a place. To Him belong the endowments and proper commendations.
May Allah raise the rank of Prophet Muhammad and his kind Companions
and protect his nation from what he fears for them. May the Lord
of Heavens and Earth grant us the sincere intentions and guide
us to the acceptable deeds.Thereafter, Allah sent the prophets
as a mercy to the slaves and supported them with miracles to indicate
the truthfulness of their message. Of all the prophets, our Prophet,
Muhammad, was blessed with the most miracles. Al-Isra' and
al-Mi^raj are among the many miracles of Prophet Muhammad.
The miracle of Al-Isra' is
confirmed in the Quran. In Surat Al-Isra', Allah said:
means: [ Praise
be to Allah Who enabled His slave, Muhammad, to make the journey
at night from Masjid Al-Haram in Makkah to Masjid al-Aqsa in Jerusalem,
which is surrounded a blessed land.]
the Prophet took this night journey, the ceiling of the house
in which he was staying was opened, and Jibril descended. He cut
open the chest of Prophet Muhammad and washed that open
area with Zamzam water. Then he emptied something from a container
into the chest of the Prophet to increase his wisdom as well as
the strength of his belief. This was done to prepare the Messenger
of Allah for that which he had yet to see in the upper world from
among the wonders of the creation of Allah.
the Prophet performed the Evening Prayer (^Isha'), Jibril
came to him with a white animal, slightly larger than a donkey
yet smaller than a mule. This animal was the Buraq,--one of the
animals of Paradise. Jibril held the buraq by his ear and told
the Prophet to mount it. When the buraq was mounted, the Prophet
The buraqis a very fast animal; the length of the buraq's stride
is the farthest distance it's eye can see. The Prophet Muhammad
and Jibril arrived to a land with palm trees. Jibril told the
Prophet Muhammad to dismount and pray, so the Prophet dismounted
the buraq and prayed two rak^as. Jibril asked him, "Do you know
where you prayed?" and the Prophet Muhammad answered, "Allah knows
best." Jibrill told him, "This is Yathrib; this is Taybah. "."
(These are two names for the city of Al-Madinah.) Before the Prophet
emigrated to Al-Madinah, it was called Taybah and Yathrib. It
earned the name Al-Madinah after the Prophet Muhammad emigrated
The buraq continued with the Prophet Muhamad and Jibril until
they reached another place. Again Jibril told the Prophet Muhammad
to get down and pray. The Prophet dismounted there and prayed
two rak^as. Jibril informed the Prophet Muhammad of the name of
that place; It was Tur Sina'.
again the buraq took off with the Prophet Muhammad and Jibril.
Once again it stopped, and the Prophet Muhammad dismounted and
prayed two rak^as. This was in Bayt-ul- Lahm, where Prophet ^Isa
(Jesus) was born. Then the buraq continued with the Messenger
of Allah until they entered the city of Jerusalem. There the Prophet
Muhammad went to Masjid al-Aqsa. Outside was a ring used by the
Messengers of Allah to tie their animals. The Prophet tied his
buraq to this ring. Then the Prophet Muhammad entered the masjid
where Allah assembled for him all the Prophets--from Adam to ^Isa.
Prophet Muhammad moved forward and led them all in prayer. This
is an indication the Prophet Muhammad is higher in status than
all the rest of the prophets and messengers.
On Prophet Muhammad's journey from Masjid al-Haram to Masjid Al-Aqsa,
Allah enabled him to see some of His wondrous creations. Allah
enabled the Prophet Muhammad to see the world like an old woman.
However, this old woman was wearing a great deal of jewelry, and
in this there is an indication signifying the reality of the world.
Allah enabled the Prophet Muhammad to see Iblis. The Prophet saw
something on the side of the road which did not dare to stand
in his way or speak to him. What the Prophet saw was Iblis. Originally,
Iblis was a believer and lived with the angels in Paradise. When
Allah ordered the angels to prostrate (sujud) to Prophet
Adam, Iblis was ordered to prostrate to him as well. The angels
prostrated to Adam in obedience to Allah, because angels do not
disobey Allah. However, Iblis did not obey, and he objected to
the order of Allah. He said, "You created me out of fire, and
You created him out of clay. How do You order me to prostrate
to him?" So this objection by Iblis (Shitan) to the order of Allah
was the first blasphemy he committed.
On his journey, the Prophet Muhammad smelled a very nice odour.
He asked Jibril about this pleasant scent and Jibril informed
him this good smell was coming from the grave of the woman whose
duty used to be to comb Pharaoh's daughter's hair. This woman
was a good, pious believer. One day, as she was combing Pharaoh's
daughter's hair, the comb fell from her hand. At this she said,
""Bismillah. "Pharaoh's daughter asked her, "Do you have
a god other than my father?" The woman said, "Yes. My Lord and
the Lord of your father is Allah." Pharaoh's daughter told her
father what had happened. Pharaoh demanded this woman blaspheme
and leave Islam, but she refused. At that, Pharaoh threatened
to kill her children. He brought a great pot of water and built
a great fire under it. When the water boiled, Pharaoh brought
her children and started to drop them into that pot one after
the other. Throughout all this, the woman remained steadfast to
Islam, even when Pharaoh reached her youngest child--a little
boy still breast feeding--but she felt pity for him. At that,
Allah enabled this child to speak. He said to his mother, "O Mother,
be patient. The torture of the Hereafter is far more severe than
the torture of this life, and do not be reluctant, because you
are right." At this the woman requested Pharaoh collect her bones
and the bones of her children and bury them in the same grave.
Pharaoh promised her that--then dropped her into that boiling
water. She died as a martyr. The good odour the Prophet Muhammad
smelled coming from her grave is an indication of her high status.
During his trip, the Prophet Muhammad saw people who were planting
and reaping in two days. Jibril told the Prophet, "These were
the people who fight for the sake of Allah (mujahidun)".
The Prophet Muhammad also saw people whose lips and tongues were
clipped with scissors made of fire. Jibril told the Prophet, "These
are the speakers of sedition (fitna) who call people to misguidance."
The Prophet Muhammad saw people grazing like animals, with very
little clothing on their private parts. Jibril told the Prophet,
"These are the ones who refused to pay Zakat".
The Prophet Muhammad saw angels smashing some people's heads with
rocks. These heads would return to the shape they had been, and
then the angels would smash their heads again--and so on. Jibril
told the Prophet, "These are the ones whose heads felt too heavy
to perform prayer--the ones who used to sleep without praying."
On his journey the Prophet Muhammad saw people who were competing
to eat some rotten meat--ignoring meat that was sliced and unspoiled.
Jibril told the Prophet, "These are people from your nation who
leave out that which is permissible (Halall), and consume that
which is forbidden (Haram). "This reference was to the fornicators,
that is, the ones who left out the permissible (marriage) and
committed sins (fornication).
Also, the Prophet Muhammad saw people who were drinking from the
fluid coming from the bodies of the fornicators, (water mixed
with blood). Jibril indicated to the Prophet these were the ones
who were drinking the alcohol which is prohibited in this world.
The Prophet Muhammad saw people scratching their faces and chests
with brass finger nails. Jibril said, "These are the examples
of those who commit gossip (Ghiibaht)".
After the Prophet took this night journey from Masjid al-Haram
to Masjid al-Aqsa, he ascended to the upper heavens. The Prophet
ascended to the heaven on stairs, called al-mirqat, in which one
step is made of gold and the next of silver, and so on. These
stairs are veiled from us. The Prophet ascended these stairs until
he reached the first heaven. When the Prophet and Jibril arrived
at the first heaven, Jibril requested the gate to be opened. The
angel assigned to that gate asked Jibril, "Who is with you?" Jibril
answered, "It is Muhammad." The angel asked Jibril, "Was he dispatched?
Is it time for him to ascend to the heaven?" Jibril said, "Yes."
So, the gate was opened for him, and Prophet Muhammad entered
the first heaven.
Prophet Muhammad saw Prophet Adam. To Adam's right, the Prophet
saw some bodies, and to Adam’s left, other bodies. If Adam would
look to his right he would laugh, and if he would look to his
left he would cry. Adam was seeing the souls of his descendants.
Those on his right were his descendants who would die as believers
and those on his left were his descendants who would die as non-believers.
the Prophet Muhammad ascended to the second heaven. In this second
heaven was where Prophet Muhammad saw Prophets Isa and Yahya.
Isa and Yahya are cousins; their mothers were sisters. They welcomed
the Prophet and made supplication (dua') for him for good things.
The Prophet ascended to the third heaven, where he found Prophet
Yusuf. Prophet Yusuf was extremely handsome. Allah bestowed half
the beauty on Yusuf. Yusuf received the Prophet with a warm welcome
and made supplication (dua) for him for good things.
the Prophet Muhammad ascended to the fourth heaven, where he found
Prophet Idris. Idris welcomed the Prophet and made supplication
(dua) for him for good things. In the fifth heaven, the Prophet
encountered Harun, the brother of Prophet Musa. In the sixth heaven,
he encountered Prophet Musa. Each of these Prophets received Prophet
Muhammad with a warm welcome and made supplication (dua') for
him for good things.
the Prophet Muhammad ascended to the seventh heaven, and that
is where our Messenger saw Prophet Ibrahim. Prophet Ibrahim is
the best of the prophets after our prophet, Muhammad. The Prophet
Muhammad saw Prophet Ibrahim with his back against Al-Bayt-ul-
Al-Ma^mur. To the inhabitants of the skies, al-Bayt al-Ma^mur
is like the Ka^bah is to us, the inhabitants of the earth. Every
day 70,000 angels go there; then exit from it, and never return.
The next day another 70,000 angels go, come out, and never return.
This will continue until the Day of Judgment. In this, there is
an indication as to the greatness of the numbers of the angels--their
numbers are far more than the numbers of the humans and the jinns
the seventh heaven, Prophet Muhammad saw Sidrat Al-Muntaha--a
very big tree of sidr. Each of the fruits of this tree is as large
as a big jar. The leaves of this tree are similar to the ears
of the elephants. Sidrat al-Muntahais an extremely beautiful tree.
It is visited by butterflies made of gold. When these butterflies
gather on this tree, its beauty is beyond description.
the Prophet Muhammad ascended to what is beyond the seven skies;
he entered Paradise. He saw examples of the inhabitants of Paradise
and how their situation would be. He saw most of the inhabitants
of Paradise are the poor people .
Prophet Muhammad saw other things on the night of his ascension.
He saw Malik, the angel in charge of the Hell-fire. Malik did
not smile at the Prophet when he saw him, and the Prophet asked
why. In answer to the Prophet's question, Jibril said, "Malik
did not smile since the day Allah created him. Had he smiled for
anyone, he would have smiled for you."
Paradise, the Prophet Muhammad saw some of the bounties Allah
prepared for the inhabitants of Paradise. He saw the Hurul-^In:
females Allah created who are not humans or jinn. They are in
Paradise and will be married to those men Allah willed them to
Prophet saw the wildan-ul-mukhalladun: creations of Allah who
are not human, jinn, or angels. They are a very beautiful creation
of Allah whose appearance is like laid-out pearls. They are servants
of the inhabitants of Paradise. The least in status of the People
of Paradise will have 10,000 wildan-ul-mukhalladun to serve him.
Each one of them would carry a tray of gold in one hand and a
tray of silver in the other hand.
Prophet Muhammad saw the Throne ( Arsh ), which is the ceiling
of Paradise. The Throne is the largest creation of Allah in size;
Allah did not create anything bigger in size than it. The seven
heavens and the earth in comparison to the Kursiyy, are like a
ring thrown in a desert, and the Kursiyy in comparison to the
Throne, is like a ring thrown in a desert. The seven heavens and
the earth in comparison to the Throne are like a seed of mustard
compared to the ocean. Allah created the Throne as a sign of His
Power and He did not create the Throne to sit on it.
created the Throne to show His Power. It is carried by four angels,
and on the Day of Judgment, it will be carried by eight. The Prophet
said he was permitted to speak about one of these angels who carry
the Throne. In describing this angel, the Prophet told us the
distance between his ear lobe and shoulder is the distance a fast-flying
bird would cover in 700 years.
the Prophet Muhammad ascended beyond Paradise. He reached a place
where he heard the creaking of the pens used by the angels who
are copying from the Preserved Tablet. It is at that location
Prophet Muhammad heard the Kalam of Allah, which is an attribute
of the Self of Allah. He heard the Kalam of Allah which does not
resemble our speech--so it is not something that occurs bit after
bit. It is not letter after letter or a word that comes after
another word. Rather, it is an attribute of Allah which is eternal
and everlasting. It does not resemble our attributes. The Kalam
of Allah has neither silence nor interruptions. It is an attribute
of Allah, and it does not resemble the attributes of the creation.
Prophet Muhammad understood several things from hearing this Kalam
of Allah. He understood the obligation of the five Obligatory
Prayers. At first, Allah obligated fifty prayers. When Prophet
Muhammad encountered Musa, Musa told him to make supplication
(dua) to his Lord to ease the obligation of fifty (50) prayers,
because his nation could not handle that. Musa said, "I have experience
with the people of Israel, and I know your nation cannot bear
that." So the Prophet asked his Lord to lessen these prayers for
his people. Five prayers were eliminated. Once again, Musa told
the Prophet to ask Allah to lessen the number of prayers. Allah
did. Nine times the Prophet made supplication to Allah to lessen
these prayers--until these prayers were lessened to five Obligatory
Prayers. So Prophet Musa was a great benefit to us. Had we been
obligated to pray fifty prayers a day, this would have been a
difficult matter for us.
the Kalam of Allah, the Prophet Muhammad also understood that
a good deed would be written for the person who intends to do
a good deed, even if he did not do it. Also, the good deed performed
would be registered for he who performs it as at least ten good
deeds--up to 700 good deeds. For some people, Allah would multiply
the reward of their deeds more than that. Additionally, if one
performs a bad deed, it is registered for him as one bad deed;
yet for he who inclines towards committing a bad deed and then
refrains from committing it, a good deed would be registered for
him. Here one should note the difference between two matters.
If a thought crossed a person's mind about doing something sinful,
and this person wavered in this thinking, i.e., considered whether
he should do it or not, then he refrained from doing this for
the sake of Allah, this is written as a good deed. However, if
a person has the firm intention in his heart that he wants to
commit a sin, it would be written for him as a sin, even if he
does not do it.
Prophet Returns to Makkah
After all these matters
took place with the Prophet Muhammad, he returned to the city
of Makkah. Some scholars said the Prophet's journey took about
one-third of the night, i.e., his journey from Makkah to Jerusalem,
then to the heavens and what is above them, and then back to Makkah
The next day the Prophet told the people what happened to him
the previous night. The blasphemers belied the Prophet and mocked
him, saying, "We need a month to get there and back, and you are
claiming to have done all this in one night?" They said to Abu
Bakr, "Look at what your companion is saying. He says he went
to Jerusalem and came back in one night." Abu Bakr told them,
"If he said that, then he is truthful. I believe him concerning
the news of the heavens--that an angel descends to him from the
heavens. How could I not believe he went to Jerusalem and came
back in a short period of time--when these are on earth?" At that,
the Companion, Abu Bakr, was called "As-Siddiq"--because of how
strongly he believed all what the Prophet said.
blasphemous people questioned the Prophet: "If you are truthful,
then describe to us Masjid al-Aqsa and its surroundings."
They asked this because they knew Prophet Muhammad had
never been there before the previous night. Allah enabled
the Messenger to see Masjid al-Aqsa, and he described the
masjid and its surroundings in exact detail. Moreover, the Prophet
said, "On my way back, I saw some of your shepherds grazing their
animals in a particular location. They were searching for a camel
they had lost." The Prophet continued by giving the description
of the camel. When these shepherds came back, they told their
people what happened to them--precisely as the Prophet had already
blasphemers admitted the Prophet's description was exact. Despite
that, they were still stubborn and rejected the faith. They did
not accept Islam. Only those whom Allah willed to be guided, will
be guided. The person whom Allah did not will to be guided, will
not believe--regardless of how much explanation or how many proofs
he is shown. The person whom Allah willed to be guided, surely
he will be a believer. Many people witnessed miracles and still
did not believe. Many people witnessed the miracle of the Prophet's
splitting of the moon. Those who refused to embrace Islam said,
"This is magic. Muhammad played a magic trick on our eyes." They
even asked the people of a faraway land who witnessed the moon
split in two. Despite this, they still did not believe. They said,
"The magic of Muhammad is powerful; it even reached the faraway
lands!" This was their response to witnessing a miracle--instead
of believing and becoming Muslims.
ask Allah that we would all die as Muslims. We ask Allah to bestow
on us the bounty of entering Paradise without torture.(Amin)